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Contraception: How much do you really know?

Contraception is

  1. Used to prevent pregnancy
  2. Used to protect against STIs and prevent pregnancy
  3. When a sperm and an egg meet
  4. The time before a woman gets pregnant

Answer: Used to prevent pregnancy

Contraception stops sperm from fertilising an egg, so people can have sexual intercourse (penis in vagin

  • while preventing an unplanned pregnancy.

  • Using two condoms at once is safer than one.

    1. True
    2. False

    Answer: False

    Only use one condom (male or female) at a time. Using two condoms at once will cause them to break due to the friction of them rubbing together.

    ‘The pill’ or ‘the rod’ (contraceptive implant) can both be used for?

    1. Preventing STIs
    2. Preventing pregnancy
    3. Preventing STIs and pregnancy
    4. None of the above

    Answer: Preventing pregnancy

    ‘The pill’ and ‘the rod’ (contraceptive implant) are both hormonal forms of contraception and are used to prevent pregnancy. They do not prevent STIs as they do not provide protection from skin-to-skin contact and bodily fluids.

    Emergency contraception (sometimes called the ‘morning after’ pill) must be taken within 24 hours of unprotected sex to prevent pregnancy?

    1. True
    2. False

    Answer: False

    The emergency contraceptive pill is effective up to five days after having unprotected sex, but the sooner you take it the more effective it is.

    Where can you go to discuss contraception options?

    1. Your GP / doctor
    2. Family Planning NSW clinic
    3. Sexual health clinic
    4. All of the above

    Answer: All of the above

    Your local GP, Family Planning NSW clinic or sexual health clinic will be able to discuss what contraception options are available for you and assist you in accessing them.

    Condoms are one size fits all.

    1. True
    2. False

    Answer: False

    Condoms come in many brands, colours, flavours, textures and sizes; so find some that are comfortable, and that you and your partner enjoy.

    ‘The rod’ (contraceptive implant) is a contraceptive device that is placed where in the female body?

    1. In the vagina
    2. In the uterus, just above the cervix
    3. Underneath the skin on the inside of the upper arm
    4. Underneath the tongue

    Answer: Underneath the skin on the inside of the upper arm

    ‘The rod’ is a small plastic rod the size of a match stick. It is inserted by a specially trained doctor or nurse, underneath the skin on the inside of the upper arm; where it can stay for up to 3 years. It is more effective than the contraceptive pill at preventing pregnancy.

    Does the contraceptive pill protect against STIs?

    1. Sometimes
    2. No
    3. Only some STIs
    4. Yes

    Answer: No

    Hormonal contraceptives such as the contraceptive pill do not protect against STIs, they are only for preventing pregnancy.

    ‘Withdrawal’ is a reliable method of contraception

    1. True
    2. False

    Answer: False

    The withdrawal method is a less effective method than many other forms of contraception. Pre-ejaculate (pre-cum) can contain sperm, meaning a fertile couple could still fall pregnant using this method.

    Which of the following steps comes first when using a condom?

    1. Pinch the tip of the condom
    2. Apply a water-based lubricant
    3. Check the expiry date
    4. Check the condom is the correct way up

    Answer: Check the expiry date

    Remember to check the expiry date on the back of the packet before use. Most condoms have a 3 to 5 year expiration date from the time they were manufactured, however you never know how long they’ve been on the shelf in the shops, or stored in your bedroom drawer. Do not use a condom that is out of date as the latex will be weaker and is likely to break.

    Where is the best place to store condoms?

      In your:

    1. Freezer
    2. Shoe
    3. Drawer

    Answer: Drawer

    Store condoms in a cool, dry place, out of direct sunlight and where they will be unlikely to get damaged. A drawer, cupboard or in your toilet-bag are good ideas for safe places to keep condoms. Condoms don’t like heat or friction so storing them for long periods of time in your wallet, shoe or car can damage the latex and cause them to break during use. For a short period of time (e.g. for a night out) it is ok to keep a condom or two somewhere convenient – like in your wallet or car; however a better idea is to keep them in a bag or purse.

    How long can sperm survive in the woman’s body?

    1. A few hours
    2. 24 hours
    3. 5 days
    4. 10 days

    Answer: 5 days

    Sperm can survive in the woman’s vagina for a few hours; however they can survive up to 5 days in the woman’s body once they move up through the cervix.

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    Contraceptive Pill